Spanish Verbs. Lesson 5

Free Course: Spanish Verbs - Lesson 5

Spanish verbs
Course on verb tenses and forms

Lesson 5: ¿Qué pasará? What is going to happen?


In this lesson we will learn:

  • how the simple future tense is formed (Futuro simple)
  • what situations and indicators help us to choose the simple future tense

Does it seem to you that there are so many Spanish tenses that you will never master them? Don’t worry. The secret of success is to create a clear matrix in our head where each tense has its special place. First, stop trying to remember all the tenses at once. Remember the situations and the time markers for each tense. You will see that at the end of the course all the tenses will take their place in a logical and beautiful system of verb forms.

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulary

In this lesson we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and memorize them:

apasionante

exciting

un montón de

a lot of, many

cada dos por tres

very often, all the time

calvo

bald

sordo

deaf

sano como un toro

healthy as a horse, fit as a fiddle

cura

remedy, cure

enfadado

angry

amargado

bitter, embittered

incentivo

incentive

perrito caliente

hot dog

chiste

joke

chispa

spark

Verbos:

Verbs:

jubilarse

to retire

dar un paseo

to go for a walk

cuidar

to look after

dedicarse a

to devote oneself to, to practice

inventar

to invent

cobrar

to charge, to receive money

reñir

to tell off, to scold

lograr

to achieve

subir

to raise; to go up

comentar

to mention

divorciarse

to get divorced

reírse

to laugh

hacer gracia

to be funny

convencer

to convince

aparecer

to appear, to show up

fiarse de

to trust

ponerse a hacer algo

to start doing something

enterarse de algo

to find out, to hear (a rumor)

acabar

to finish, to end up

Spanish dialogues

Dialogues

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand the grammar of this lesson:

Spanish grammar

Spanish grammar

Read carefully the explanation of the grammar of this lesson:

How is the simple future tense formed? (Futuro Simple)

The simple future tense is formed by adding the following endings to the infinitive form. The endings are the same for all conjugation types:

Personal pronoun hablar (to speak)
yo hablaré
hablarás
él, ella, usted hablará
nosotros hablaremos
vosotros hablaréis
ellos, ustedes hablarán

When to use Futuro Simple?

The simple future tense is used to express actions in the near or distant future, as well as to express a guess. Try to memorize the following indicator situations:

  1. An action we are going to perform in the future:
  2. Mañana terminaré el trabajo. I’ll finish this job tomorrow.
    Te llamaré la semana que viene. I’ll call you next week.

  3. Assumptions about the future:
  4. Elena no vendrá a la hora. Elena probably won’t get here on time.
    El tiempo será bueno. The weather will most likely be nice.

  5. Assumptions about the present:
  6. Ahora tu madre estará cansada. Your mom is probably tired now.
    Tus hijos ya serán enormes. Your children must be huge by now.

Some verbs change their roots and have an irregular form in the future tense. Please note that it is the root that changes, not the endings:

-e- is dropped middle syllable is dropped -d- is added
querer ⇒ querr (querré, querrás…) hacer ⇒ har (haré, harás…) poner ⇒ pondr (pondré, pondrás…)
haber ⇒ habr (habré, habrás…) decir ⇒ dir (diré, dirás…) venir ⇒ vendr (vendré, vendrás…)
saber ⇒ sabr (sabré, sabrás…) tener ⇒ tendr (tendré, tendrás…)
poder ⇒ podr (podré, podrás…) salir ⇒ saldr (saldré, saldrás…)

Please find below some examples from the dialogues above that use verbs from the table:

  • ¿Habrá algo rico para comer? – Will there be delicious food?
  • Vendrá Lucia la que tanto te gusta. -Lucia, the one you like so much, is going to come.
Spanish test

Test

Check what you remember from this lesson:

1. Tengo un montón de planes. ____ más y ____con mis amigos más a menudo.
Durmiré, quedaré
Dormiré, quedaré
Duermirá, quedará

2. No ____ seguir el ritmo de vida que llevas ahora.
podrás
poderás
puedrás

3. ____ sano como un toro porque ____ al gimnasio todos los días.
Seré, vayaré
Estaré, voyré
Estaré, iré

4. Supongo que ____ todos los amigos de Pablo.
venirán
vendrán
vienerán

5. ____ calvo como tu padre y sordo como tu abuelo.
Acabarás a ser
Acabarás estando
Irás a acabar siendo



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