Free Spanish course. Lesson 2.




Free online Spanish course - lesson 2

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Lesson 2: ¿De dónde eres? Where are you from?


In this lesson you will learn:

  • how to say what country you are from
  • how to ask other people where they come from
  • how to give additional information about yourself

Welcome to our second free lesson of Spanish! Now that you already know how to greet your Spanish friends it’s time to tell them about your native country. In this lesson, we will see the verb “to be” (ser) which is essential for basic communication. Besides, it will allow us to ask a truly existential question: To be or not to be? ¿Ser o no ser?

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulary

In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:

ruso / rusa

Russian man / Russian woman

español / española

Spanish man / Spanish woman

americano / americana

American man / American woman

inglés / inglesa

Englishman / Englishwoman

Rusia

Russia

España

Spain

estudiante

student

profesor / profesora

teacher

Moscú

Moscow

Londres

London

perdona / perdone

excuse me

¿De dónde eres?

Where are you from?

Spanish dialogues

Dialogues

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish grammar

Spanish Grammar

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

The verb “ser” (to be)

We have to warn you that in Spanish, there are two verbs with the meaning of “to be”. Both of them are used constantly, and there is no way around them. Today we are going to see the first verb “to be” – ser.

In English, the verb “to be” has its own forms for each pronoun: I am, he is, they are. The same happens in Spanish, but there are twice as many forms. Let’s have a look at them:

Verb formsTranslation
yo soyI am
eresyou are (informal singular)
él / ella eshe / she is
nosotros somoswe are
vosotros soisyou are (informal plural)
ellos sonthey are
usted es / ustedes sonyou are (formal, singular and plural)

So, if we want to say “I am John” in Spanish, we have to use the verb “to be” in the correct form: Yo soy John. Spanish speakers, however, usually omit the pronoun because the verb form is already enough to convey the meaning: Soy John. Have a look at more examples:

  • Es Pedro. = He is Pedro.
  • Somos Laura y Pedro. = We are Laura and Pedro.
  • Son Antonio y María. = They are Antonio and Maria.
  • ¿Sois estudiantes? = Are you students?

ABOUT SPANISH CULTURE
A kiss or a handshake?


In Spain, as well as in most countries of Latin America it is typical to greet each other with two kisses: a kiss on each cheek. However, people usually do it with friends and relatives. In formal situations (such as work meetings) a handshake is preferred. When greeting people with kisses remember that this act is utterly symbolic and the cheeks should merely touch each other. So don’t try to leave a juicy kiss on a Spaniard’s face, it’s not what it is about.

How to make plural

Making plural in Spanish is very easy: add the letter “s” at the end of the word: estudiante (student) – estudiantes (students).

If a word finishes in a consonant, you have to add the ending “es“: profesor (teacher) – profesores (teachers). The Spanish language “doesn’t like” clusters of consonants and always tend to add a vowel between the consonants.

How to make negative

In English, there are two words to make negative: “no” and “not”. In Spanish, there is only one: “no”. So, to say “No, I’m not English” we say “No, no soy inglesa”. Pay attention: we put “no” before the verb:

  • Él no es Pedro. = He is not Pedro.
  • Nosotros no somos estudiantes. = We are not students.

Spanish test

Test

Check if you know this lesson:

1. How can you answer the question “¿De dónde eres?”
Soy profesor.
Soy Antonio.
Soy de Rusia.

2. We use “Perdona” to address _____.
one person
many people
someone who we treat in a very formal way

3. How do you say “Where are they from?”
¿De dónde son?
¿De dónde eres?
¿De dónde es?

4. The plural form of the word “profesor” – _____ .
profesoras
profesores
profesoros

5. The verb “ser” is translated as _____ .
to do
to be
to make


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