Free Spanish course. Lesson 5.




Free online Spanish course - lesson 5

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Lesson 5: Me gusta mi trabajo. I like my job.


In this lesson you will learn:

  • how to speak about your job and your workplace
  • how to express your tastes
  • how to express your wishes and desires

It’s time to talk about things we like. What do you like to eat, to drink, to do or to buy? This lesson will teach you to express your likes and dislikes and speak about your desires.

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulary

In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:

profesión

profession

trabajo

work

ingeniero / ingeniera

engineer

médico

doctor

economista

economist

colegio

school

hospital

hospital

empresa

firm, company

universidad

university

fábrica

factory

interesante

interesting

aburrido

boring

vago

lazy

bueno

good, nice

estudiar

to study, to learn

trabajar

to work

querer

to want

gustar

to like

un poco

a little bit

¡Qué pena!

What a pity!

Spanish dialogues

Dialogues

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish text

Text

Read the following text in Spanish. You can check the English translation if you need help. Also, listen to the audio and try to understand everything:

Spanish grammar

Spanish grammar

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

The verbs “trabajar” (to work) and “estudiar” (to study)

As we move forward with our lessons, it’s going to be easier to remember the new verbs and their forms. The verbs “trabajar” and “estudiar” both belong to the 1st conjugation. Let’s have a look at their forms:

trabajar (to work)estudiar (to study)
yo trabajoyo estudio
tú trabajastú estudias
él trabajaél estudia
nosotros trabajamosnosotros estudiamos
vosotros trabajáisvosotros estudiáis
ellos trabajanellos estudian

To add the place where you work or study, use the preposition “en”. Please notice that when we say “I study at school / at university” we always have to use the definite article (el/la). This is one of several differences in the usage of article that we will discover during the course:

  • Nuestros hijos estudian en el colegio. – Our children study at school.
  • María estudia en la universidad. – Maria studies at university.

Also, pay attention to phrases like “I’m a doctor”. In Spanish, there is no article before the names of professions:

  • Fran es ingeniero. – Fran is an engineer.
  • Soy economista. – I’m an economist.

The verb “querer” (to want)

The verb “querer” has special forms that you will have to remember. Verbs that don’t follow the usual rules of conjugation are called irregular verbs.

querer (to want)
yo quiero
tú quieres
él quiere
nosotros queremos
vosotros queréis
ellos quieren

After the verb “querer” we can add an object or an infinitive. Have a look at the examples:

  • Quiero una manzana. – I want an apple.
  • Quiero agua. – I want water.
  • Quiero ser médico. – I want to be a doctor.
  • Quiero trabajar en una fábrica. – I want to work at a factory.

ATTENTION!
The verb “querer” can also mean “to love somebody”.


It’s interesting that the verb “querer” can also mean “to love someone”. So, the most romantic phrase in the world (I love you) is translated into Spanish like this: Te quiero (it doesn’t mean “I want you” as you might have thought).

The verb “gustar” and the dative case

The verb “gustar” is a tricky one. In English, we say “I like chocolate” while in Spanish, we say something like “Chocolate please me”. As you can see, the doer of the action changes and the pronoun “I” changes to “me”. The same happens in Spanish with the verb “gustar”. We will have to use the pronouns in the dative case: Me gusta el chocolate (Chocolate pleases me):

Spanish:English:
Me gusta el chocolate.I like chocolate / Chocolate pleases me.
Te gusta el chocolate.You like chocolate / Chocolate pleases you.
Le gusta el chocolate.He / She likes chocolate / Chocolate pleases him / her / you (usted).
Nos gusta el chocolate.We like chocolate / Chocolate pleases us.
Os gusta el chocolate.You like chocolate / Chocolate pleases you (vosotros).
Les gusta el chocolate.They like chocolate / Chocolate pleases them / you (ustedes).

The verb “gustar” belongs to the 1st conjugation: yo gusto, tú gustas. But now, we are interested only in two forms: gusta (singular) y gustan (plural). Look at the literal translation to understand the usage:

  • Me gusta mi amigo. – I like my friend / My friend pleases me. (singular)
  • Me gustan mis amigos. – I like my friends / My friends please me. (plural)

Spanish test

Test

Let’s check how well you know this lesson:

1. How do you say “I’m a lazy student” in Spanish?
Soy estudiante y soy muy vago.
Estoy un estudiante vago.
Soy un estudiante vago.

2. Luis _____ ser médico y nosotros _____ ser futbolistas.
quiere, queremos
quiero, queréis
quere, quieremos

3. Translate into English: “No me gustan tus amigos”
I don’t like your friends
You don’t like my friends.
Your friends don’t like me.

4. What could be the answer to the question “¿Dónde trabajas?”
Mi trabajo es aburrido.
Ahora no trabajo.
Sí, quiero trabajar.

5. Me ____ mi trabajo, porque me ____ los niños.
gustan, gusta
gusta, gustan
gusta, gusta


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