Free Spanish course. Lesson 6.




Free online Spanish course - lesson 6

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Lesson 6: ¿Hablas español? Do you speak Spanish?


In this lesson you will learn:

  • to speak about your native language and other languages
  • to describe what you do at your Spanish lessons

When learning Spanish, you read texts, listen to dialogues and do exercises all the time, don’t you? Let’s learn to describe all these activities in Spanish. In this lesson, we will also review everything we know about verb conjugation.

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulary

In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:

palabra

word

vocabulario

vocabulary

libro

book

alumno / alumna

student (masc.) / student (fem.)

idioma

language

texto

text

diálogo

dialogue

frase

phrase

ejercicio

exercise

fácil

easy

difícil

difficult

nuevo

new

verdad

true

por supuesto

of course

siempre

always

a menudo

often

a veces

sometimes

todos los días

every day

hablar

to speak

leer

to read

escribir

to write

entender

to understand

hacer

to do

Spanish dialogues

Dialogues

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish text

Text

Read the following text in Spanish. You can check the English translation if you need help. Also, listen to the audio and try to understand everything:

Spanish grammar

Spanish grammar

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

Spanish verb conjugation summary: the endings “-ar”, “-er”, “-ir”

Let’s review the three types of Spanish verb conjugation on the example of the verbs “hablar”, “leer” and “escribir”. Each of these verbs is a typical representative of its conjugation type.

-ar: hablar (to speak)-er: leer (to read)-ir: escribir (to write)
yo habloyo leoyo escribo
tú hablastú leestú escribes
él hablaél leeél escribe
nosotros hablamosnosotros leemosnosotros escribimos
vosotros habláisvosotros leéisvosotros escribís
ellos hablanellos leenellos escriben

Irregular verbs: entender (to understand), hacer (to do)

Don’t forget that we call “irregular” those verbs that don’t follow the usual conjugation rules. Pay attention to their special forms:

entender (to understand)hacer (to do)
yo entiendoyo hago
tú entiendestú haces
él entiendeél hace
nosotros entendemosnosotros hacemos
vosotros entendéisvosotros hacéis
ellos entiendenellos hacen


ATTENTION!
The word “mucho” changes its ending depending on the gender and number


As you already know, many Spanish words change their endings depending on whether they are masculine or feminine, singular or plural. The forms of the word “mucho” depend on the gender and number of the noun they refer to. Have a look at the examples:

  • mucho trabajo – a lot of work / much work (masculine singular)
  • mucha agua – a lot of water / much water (feminine singular)
  • muchos textos – a lot of texts / many texts (masculine plural)
  • muchas palabras – a lot of words / many words (feminine plural)

Pay attention that in Spanish, there is no difference between “much” and “many”. Both these words are translated as “mucho”.

The preposition “con” with pronouns

When using Spanish prepositions with pronouns, we have to be careful with the forms “yo” and “tú”. Usually, these are the only forms that change:

Spanish:English:
conmigowith me
contigowith you
con élwith him
con ellawith her
con nosotroswith us
con vosotroswith you (informal plural)
con elloswith them
con usted / con ustedeswith you (formal singular / formal plural)

The preposition “de”

In Spanish, the preposition “de” can be considered an equivalent of the preposition “of” in English:

  • escuela de idiomas – school of languages / language school
  • profesor de inglés – teacher of English / English teacher

However, the usage of this preposition doesn’t always coincide with English. You’ll soon notice that in Spanish, it’s used more often and that its meaning is wider:

  • ejercicios de gramática – exercises on grammar / grammar exercises
  • uno de mis amigos – one of my friends

ATTENTION
The mysterious word “pues”


We’ve come across the word “pues” in one of the dialogues where it was translated as “well”:

  • Pues yo quiero estudiar francés. – Well, I want to study French.

The purpose of “pues” is to fill a pause while speaking. It is usually used at the beginning of the sentence to give us more time to think or to attract the listener’s attention:

  • Pues ¿qué hacemos? – Well, what are we going to do?

Spanish test

Test

Let’s check how well you know this lesson:

1. En clase escribimos _____ palabras y leemos _____ diálogos.
muchos, muchas
mucha, muchos
muchas, muchos

2. How do you say “I don’t understand anything” in Spanish?
Yo no entender.
No entiendo nada.
Yo nada no entiendo.

3. Yo _____ los ejercicios y tú _____ los textos.
hago, lees
haceo, les
haco, leas

4. Estudio italiano ____ una profesora _____ internet.
en, de
con, para
con, por

5. Los alumnos hablan inglés _____ los días.
todos
a todo
todas


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