Free Spanish course. Lesson 7.




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Lesson 7: Vamos a la playa. We are going to the beach.


In this lesson you will learn:

  • to tell where you are going
  • to discuss your future plans
  • to speak about your free time

What can be better than a day by the sea? Let’s imagine that we are going to one of the sunny Spanish beaches. Vamos a la playa… ¡y estudiamos español!

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulario

In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:

playa

beach

cine

cinema, movies

televisión / tele

television

película

film, movie

hotel

hotel

turista

tourist

isla

island

mar

sea

hoy

today

mañana

tomorrow

cafetería

cafe

nos vemos

see you

entonces

then

genial

great, excellent

de acuerdo

fine, ok

importante

important

estar cansado

to be tired

¡Qué suerte!

Lucky you!

allí

there

Lo siento

I’m sorry

ya

already

ir

to go

ver

to see

tener

to have

descansar

to rest

saber

to know

Spanish dialogues

Diálogos

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish text

Texto

Read the following text in Spanish. You can check the English translation if you need help. Also, listen to the audio and try to understand everything:

Spanish grammar

Gramática

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

How to say where we are going: the verb “ir” (to go) and the preposition “a”

To say where we are going, we need to know the forms of the irregular verb “ir”. Let’s have a look at the table and memorise them:

ir (to go)
yo voy
tú vas
él va
nosotros vamos
vosotros váis
ellos van

And now let’s add the place where we are going. In Spanish, we use the preposition “a” to express direction. Please notice that when this preposition precedes the article “el”, it turns into “al”. The feminine article “la” doesn’t change:

  • Vamos a la playa. – We are going to the beach.
  • Martín va a la escuela. – Martin is going to school.
  • Voy al cine. – I’m going to the cinema.
  • Los turistas van al hotel. – The tourists are going to the hotel.

Pay attention to these sentences and remember their correct translation into Spanish:

  • ¿A dónde vas? – Where are you going to?
  • Voy a casa. – I’m going home.

Attention!
The verb “ir” to express future


When we speak about our future plans, we can use the verb “ir” (just like in English we use the verb “to go”). Have a look at the following examples:

  • Mañana vamos a trabajar. – Tomorrow, we are going to work.
  • ¿Qué vas a hacer mañana? – What are you going to do tomorrow?

New verbs: ver (to see), descansar (to rest), saber (to know)

Remember the forms of the verbs that we saw in this lesson:

ver (to see)descansar (to rest)saber (to know)
yo veoyo descansoyo sé
tú vestú descansastú sabes
él veél descansaél sabe
nosotros vemosnosotros descansamosnosotros sabemos
vosotros véisvosotros descansáisvosotros sabéis
ellos venellos descansanellos saben

Every time you see a new verb, try to come up with your own examples to illustrate its usage and remember it quicker. Here are some examples of the verbs from the table:

  • A veces veo películas españolas. – Sometimes, I watch Spanish movies.
  • Me gusta ver la tele. – I like watching TV.
  • Los abuelos quieren descansar. – The grandparents want to rest.
  • ¿Mañana descansas? – Do you rest tomorrow? (“to rest” is used here in the meaning of “to have a day off”)
  • No qué vamos a hacer hoy. – I don’t know what we are going to do today.
  • ¿Sábes cómo se llama este alumno? – Do you know this student’s name?

In a conversation, we sometimes have to answer “I don’t know”. Let’s learn how it say it in Spanish correctly:

  • – ¿Quieres ir al cine con nosotros? – No lo sé.
  • – Do you want to go to the cinema with us? – I don’t know. (in Spanish, we literally say “I don’t know it“)

Attention!
The verb “saber” can be used in the meaning of “to know a language”.


In English, we can say “She speaks French” or “She knows French”. In Spanish, this meaning is also possible:

  • No inglés. – I don’t know English.
  • Mi profesor sabe alemán. – My teacher knows German.

How to say “I have…” in Spanish?

The verb “tener” (to have) is irregular in Spanish. Let’s have a look at its forms:

tener (to have)
yo tengo
tú tienes
él tiene
nosotros tenemos
vosotros tenéis
ellos tienen

Just like in English, we can use the verb “tener” with animate nouns (people and animals) as well as inanimate (things and places):

  • Mi hijo tiene muchos amigos. – My son has many friends.
  • ¿Tienes un coche? – Do you have a car?
  • España tiene playas muy bonitas. – Spain has very beautiful beaches.
  • Estos libros tienen textos interesantes. – These books have interesting texts.

We can say “Spain has beautiful beaches” or “In Spain, there are beautiful beaches. In this lesson, we’ve come across the Spanish word for “there is/there are”. Let’s see how to use it:

  • En nuestro hotel hay muchos turistas ingleses. – At our hotel, there are many English tourists.
  • En mi ciudad no hay trabajo. – In my city, there is no work.

Spanish test

Ejercicio

Let’s check how well you know this lesson:

1. Mañana vamos ______ cine.
a el
a la
al

2. How to say “I have a family” in Spanish?
Tengo familia.
Hay mi familia.
En mi hay familia.

3. Voy a casa porque _____ muy cansado:
estoy
soy
tengo

4. Finish the sentence: Mañana voy a _____ .
el hotel
descansar
descanso

5. _____ supuesto, voy a la playa _____ vosotros.
por, a
por, con
hay, con


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