Free Spanish course. Lesson 8.




Free online Spanish course - lesson 8

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Lesson 8: Días de la semana. Days of the week.


In this lesson you will learn:

  • to speak about your week
  • to describe your daily activities
  • to ask and tell the time

Modern life without a clock is impossible to imagine. Let’s learn to speak about time in Spanish. Then you can always come on time to hang out with your Spanish friends.

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulario

In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:

tiempo

time

semana

week

hora

hour, time

¿Qué hora es?

What time is it?

¿A qué hora?

At what time?

fin de semana

weekend

mañana / tarde / noche

morning / evening / night

nunca

never

igual

same

favorito

favourite

increíble

incredible, amazing

hacer deberes

to do homework

hacer deporte

to practice sports

dormir

to sleep

empezar

to begin

desayunar

to have breakfast

decir

to say

comer

to eat, to have lunch

cenar

to have dinner

comprar

to buy

no pasa nada

it’s ok

palomitas

popcorn

lunes

Monday

martes

Tuesday

miércoles

Wednesday

jueves

Thursday

viernes

Friday

sábado

Saturday

domingo

Sunday

Spanish dialogues

Diálogos

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish text

Texto

Read the following text in Spanish. You can check the English translation if you need help. Also, listen to the audio and try to understand everything:

Spanish grammar

Gramática

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

Numbers 1-20 in Spanish

Having to remember all the numbers at once is a difficult task. Let’s start memorizing them little by little, starting with the numbers 1-20:

NumbersEnglishSpanish
1oneuno / un
2twodos
3threetres
4fourcuatro
5fivecinco
6sixseis
7sevensiete
8eightocho
9ninenueve
10tendiez
11elevenonce
12twelvedoce
13thirteentrece
14fourteencatorce
15fifteenquince
16sixteendieciséis
17seventeendiecisiete
18eighteendieciocho
19nineteendiecinueve
20twentyveinte

The number “one” requires your special attention. It’s the only number that changes depending on the noun that follows it. It happens because in this case, the number “one” coincides with the indefinite article. Actually, the indefinite article originally comes from the number one. Look at these examples:

  • un alumno – one male student
  • una alumna – one female student

If we simply count in our mind “one, two, three…” we can use either “uno” or “un”: un, dos, tres or uno, dos, tres…

Attention!
Use the verb “tener + que” to say “I must”


Now that you already know the forms of the verb “tener” it’s going to be easy for you to learn the phrase “I must / I have to”. You just have to add “que + infinitive”:

  • Tengo que trabajar mañana. – I have to work tomorrow.
  • ¿Qué tienes que hacer? – What do you have to do?
  • Los alumnos tienen que hacer los deberes. – The students have to do the homework.
  • Laura tiene que descansar más. – Laura has to rest more.

How to tell time

Let’s learn to answer these two questions in Spanish: ¿Qué hora es? (What time is it) and ¿A qué hora? (At what time?):

Time¿Qué hora es?What time it is?
8 amSon las ocho de la mañana.It’s 8 o’clock in the morning.
12 pmSon las doce de la mañana.It’s 12 o’clock in the afternoon.
1 pmEs la una de la tarde.It’s one in the afternoon.
6.30 pmSon las seis y media.literally: It’s 6 and and a half/ It’s half past 6.
10 pmSon las diez de la noche.It’s 10 in the evening.
1 amEs la una de la mañana.It’s 1 o’clock in the morning.

Don’t forget that the words “morning, afternoon and evening” are not always used in the same way in Spanish and in English. Pay attention to the translation:

  • Son las doce de la mañana. – It’s 12 in the afternoon.
  • Son las dos de la tarde. – It’s two o’clock in the afternoon.

In general, the words “de la mañana” are usually used in the time period from 1am till 12 pm. “De la tarde” is used from 1 pm till 8 pm. “De la noche” – from 9 pm till midnight.

Time¿A qué hora?At what time?
8 amA las ocho de la mañana.At 8 o’clock in the morning.
1 pmA la una de la tarde.At one in the afternoon.
6.30 pmA las seis y media.At half past 6.
10 pmA las diez de la noche.At 10 o’oclock in the evening.

If you read the dialogues and the text carefully you’ll notice that by adding articles or prepositions you can change the meaning of a sentence. Here are some phrases worth paying attention to:

  • Es de día – It’s day now/ It’s afternoon.
  • Es de noche – It’s night now.
  • por la mañana – in the morning
  • por el día – during the day
  • por la noche – at night
  • toda la mañana – all morning
  • todo el día – all day
  • toda la noche – all night

Attention!
Days of the week don’t require any preposition


To use the days of the week in Spanish is very easy. You just have to decide whether you need an article or not:

  • Hoy es lunes. – Today is Monday (we answer the question ¿Qué día es hoy?)
  • Hoy es martes. – Today is Tuesday.
  • El lunes no trabajo.- On Monday I don’t work (we answer the question ¿Cuándo?)
  • Los lunes no trabajo. – On Mondays I don’t work (¿Cuándo?)

Regular verbs: desayunar, comer, cenar, comprar

In this lesson, we have many new verbs. Let’s memorize their forms:

desayunar (to have breakfast)comer (to eat, to have lunch)cenar (to have dinner)comprar (to buy)
yo desayunoyo comoyo cenoyo compro
tú desayunastú comestú cenastú compras
él desayunaél comeél cenaél compra
nosotros desayunamosnosotros comemosnosotros cenamosnosotros compramos
vosotros desayunáisvosotros coméisvosotros cenáisvosotros compráis
ellos desayunanellos comenellos cenanellos compran

Irregular verbs: decir, dormir, empezar

The verbs given below are exceptions. Pay attention to their forms:

decir (to say)dormir (to sleep)empezar (to begin)
yo digoyo duermoyo empiezo
tú dicestú duermestú empiezas
él diceél duermeél empieza
nosotros decimosnosotros dormimosnosotros empezamos
vosotros decísvosotros dormísvosotros empezáis
ellos dicenellos duermenellos empiezan

Spanish test

Ejercicio

Let’s check how well you know this lesson:

1. ¿Qué hora _____? _____ una de la mañana.
es, Son la
son, Son las
es, Es la

2. Nuestra hija _____ poco _____ la noche.
duerme, por
dorme, de
duerme, en

3. ¿A qué hora _____ la película?
empieza
empeza
empieca

4. _____ vamos a mi restaurante favorito.
Por el sábado
El sábado
En sábado

5. Voy a dormir _____ el día y _____ la noche.
toda, todo
todo, toda
todo, de


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