Free Spanish course. Lesson 8.

Free online Spanish course - lesson 8

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Lesson 8: Días de la semana. Days of the week.

In this lesson you will learn:

  • to speak about your week
  • to describe your daily activities
  • to ask and tell the time

Modern life without a clock is impossible to imagine. Let’s learn to speak about time in Spanish. Then you can always come on time to hang out with your Spanish friends.

Spanish vocabulary


In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:






hour, time

¿Qué hora es?

What time is it?

¿A qué hora?

At what time?

fin de semana


mañana / tarde / noche

morning / evening / night








incredible, amazing

hacer deberes

to do homework

hacer deporte

to practice sports


to sleep


to begin


to have breakfast


to say


to eat, to have lunch


to have dinner


to buy

no pasa nada

it’s ok

















Spanish dialogues


Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish text


Read the following text in Spanish. You can check the English translation if you need help. Also, listen to the audio and try to understand everything:

Spanish grammar

Spanish Grammar

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

Numbers 1-20 in Spanish

Having to remember all the numbers at once is a difficult task. Let’s start memorizing them little by little, starting with the numbers 1-20:

Numbers English Spanish
1 one uno / un
2 two dos
3 three tres
4 four cuatro
5 five cinco
6 six seis
7 seven siete
8 eight ocho
9 nine nueve
10 ten diez
11 eleven once
12 twelve doce
13 thirteen trece
14 fourteen catorce
15 fifteen quince
16 sixteen dieciséis
17 seventeen diecisiete
18 eighteen dieciocho
19 nineteen diecinueve
20 twenty veinte

The number “one” requires your special attention. It’s the only number that changes depending on the noun that follows it. It happens because in this case, the number “one” coincides with the indefinite article. Actually, the indefinite article originally comes from the number one. Look at these examples:

  • un alumno – one male student
  • una alumna – one female student

If we simply count in our mind “one, two, three…” we can use either “uno” or “un”: un, dos, tres or uno, dos, tres…

Use the verb “tener + que” to say “I must”

Now that you already know the forms of the verb “tener” it’s going to be easy for you to learn the phrase “I must / I have to”. You just have to add “que + infinitive”:

  • Tengo que trabajar mañana. – I have to work tomorrow.
  • ¿Qué tienes que hacer? – What do you have to do?
  • Los alumnos tienen que hacer los deberes. – The students have to do the homework.
  • Laura tiene que descansar más. – Laura has to rest more.

How to tell time

Let’s learn to answer these two questions in Spanish: ¿Qué hora es? (What time is it) and ¿A qué hora? (At what time?):

Time ¿Qué hora es? What time it is?
8 am Son las ocho de la mañana. It’s 8 o’clock in the morning.
12 pm Son las doce de la mañana. It’s 12 o’clock in the afternoon.
1 pm Es la una de la tarde. It’s one in the afternoon.
6.30 pm Son las seis y media. lit.: It’s 6 and a half/ It’s half past 6.
10 pm Son las diez de la noche. It’s 10 in the evening.
1 am Es la una de la mañana. It’s 1 o’clock in the morning.

Don’t forget that the words “morning, afternoon and evening” are not always used in the same way in Spanish and in English. Pay attention to the translation:

  • Son las doce de la mañana. – It’s 12 in the afternoon.
  • Son las dos de la tarde. – It’s two o’clock in the afternoon.

In general, the words “de la mañana” are usually used in the time period from 1am till 12 pm. “De la tarde” is used from 1 pm till 8 pm. “De la noche” – from 9 pm till midnight.

Time ¿A qué hora? At what time?
8 am A las ocho de la mañana. At 8 o’clock in the morning.
1 pm A la una de la tarde. At one in the afternoon.
6.30 pm A las seis y media. At half past 6.
10 pm A las diez de la noche. At 10 o’oclock in the evening.

If you read the dialogues and the text carefully you’ll notice that by adding articles or prepositions you can change the meaning of a sentence. Here are some phrases worth paying attention to:

  • Es de día – It’s day now/ It’s afternoon.
  • Es de noche – It’s night now.

  • por la mañana – in the morning
  • por el día – during the day
  • por la noche – at night

  • toda la mañana – all morning
  • todo el día – all day
  • toda la noche – all night

Days of the week don’t require any preposition

To use the days of the week in Spanish is very easy. You just have to decide whether you need an article or not:

  • Hoy es lunes. – Today is Monday (we answer the question ¿Qué día es hoy?)
  • Hoy es martes. – Today is Tuesday.

  • El lunes no trabajo.- On Monday I don’t work (we answer the question ¿Cuándo?)
  • Los lunes no trabajo. – On Mondays I don’t work (¿Cuándo?)

Regular verbs: desayunar, comer, cenar, comprar

In this lesson, we have many new verbs. Let’s memorize their forms:

desayunar (to have breakfast) comer (to eat, to have lunch) cenar (to have dinner) comprar (to buy)
yo desayuno yo como yo ceno yo compro
tú desayunas tú comes tú cenas tú compras
él desayuna él come él cena él compra
nosotros desayunamos nosotros comemos nosotros cenamos nosotros compramos
vosotros desayunáis vosotros coméis vosotros cenáis vosotros compráis
ellos desayunan ellos comen ellos cenan ellos compran

Irregular verbs: decir, dormir, empezar

The verbs given below are exceptions. Pay attention to their forms:

decir (to say) dormir (to sleep) empezar (to begin)
yo digo yo duermo yo empiezo
tú dices tú duermes tú empiezas
él dice él duerme él empieza
nosotros decimos nosotros dormimos nosotros empezamos
vosotros decís vosotros dormís vosotros empezáis
ellos dicen ellos duermen ellos empiezan
Spanish test


Let’s check how well you know this lesson:

1. ¿Qué hora _____? _____ una de la mañana.
es, Son la
son, Son las
es, Es la

2. Nuestra hija _____ poco _____ la noche.
duerme, por
dorme, de
duerme, en

3. ¿A qué hora _____ la película?

4. _____ vamos a mi restaurante favorito.
Por el sábado
El sábado
En sábado

5. Voy a dormir _____ el día y _____ la noche.
toda, todo
todo, toda
todo, de

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