Free Spanish course. Lesson 9.




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Lesson 9: Comida. Food.


In this lesson you will learn:

  • to speak about your favourite food
  • to express what you need
  • to use the pronouns este, esta etc.

A delicious meal is one of the greatest pleasures of our life. Let’s speak about our favourite food in Spanish.

Spanish vocabulary

Vocabulario

In this lesson, we will practice the following vocabulary. Read the words, listen to the audio and remember them:

pan

bread

azúcar

sugar

manzana

apple

supermercado

supermarket

fruta

fruit

verdura

vegetables

tomate

tomato

queso

cheese

arroz

rice

carne

meat

pescado

fish

pollo

chicken

tea

café

coffee

leche

milk

bebida

drink

cerveza

beer

vino tinto / vino blanco

red wine / white wine

copa

wine glass

salud

health

sano

healthy

¡Qué rico!

How delicious!

colores:

colours:

blanco

white

negro

black

rojo

red

verde

green

azul

blue

amarillo

yellow

marrón

brown

gris

grey

Spanish dialogues

Diálogos

Listen carefully to the following Spanish dialogues. They will help you understand this lesson’s vocabulary in the right context:

Spanish text

Texto

Read the following text in Spanish. You can check the English translation if you need help. Also, listen to the audio and try to understand everything:

Spanish grammar

Gramática

We will now study the grammar used in this lesson:

New verbs: tomar, necesitar, cocinar, beber, preferir

Let’s memorize the new verbs of this lesson. Pay attention special attention to the forms of the verb “preferir”.

tomar (to take, to have)necesitar (to need)cocinar (to cook)beber (to drink)preferir (to prefer)
yo tomoyo necesitoyo cocinoyo beboyo prefiero
tú tomastú necesitastú cocinastú bebestú prefieres
él tomaél necesitaél cocinaél bebeél prefiere
nosotros tomamosnosotros necesitamosnosotros cocinamosnosotros bebemosnosotros preferimos
vosotros tomáisvosotros necesitáisvosotros cocináisvosotros bebéisvosotros preferís
ellos tomanellos necesitanellos cocinanellos bebenellos prefieren

The verb “tomar” is used very often in Spanish. It can mean “to take” or “to have/to drink”. Let’s see how we can use it in the meaning “to take“:

  • Tomo el libro y empiezo a leer. – I take a book and start reading.
  • ¿Quieres una manzana? Toma. – Do you want an apple? Take it (imperative).

The other meaning of this verb is “to have/to drink“. Have a look at the examples:

  • Me gusta tomar vino. – I like drinking wine.
  • = Me gusta beber vino.

  • Pedro no toma leche. – Pedro doesn’t drink milk.
  • = Pedro no bebe leche.

Attention!
The verb “tomar” in Spain and in Latin America


In Spain, the verb “tomar” is more often used in the meaning “to drink/to have“. To say “to take/to grab” Spaniards usually use the verb “coger” (we’ll study it in our future lessons). However, in Latin America, they prefer to use “tomar” in this meaning because the verb “coger” is a vulgar way for them to say “to have sex”.

How to say “I need”

Saying “I need” in Spanish is very easy. Just put the verb “necesitar” into the correct form:

  • Necesito leche y pan. – I need milk and bread.
  • ¿Necesitas algo? – Do you need anything?
  • Antonio necesita un profesor de inglés. – Antonio needs an English teacher.

Demonstrative pronouns: Este, esta, esto …

The pronouns “this” and “these” are called “demonstrative“. In English, we make a difference only between singular and plural: this and these. In Spanish, we also have to take into account the gender of the word:

gendersingularplural
masculineEste texto es interesante.
(This text is interesting)
Estos textos son interesantes.
(These texts are interesting)
feminineEsta mujer trabaja aquí.
(This woman works here)
Estas mujeres trabajan aquí.
(These women works here)
neuterEsto está rico.
(This is delicious)

Pay attention to the neuter form “esto”. As you know, in Spanish, there are no words of neuter gender. So, the neuter form is used when there is no noun:

  • Esto está rico. – This is delicious.
  • ¿Tengo que comprar todo esto? – Do I have to buy all this?

Attention!
Ser rico or estar rico?


The word “rico” usually means “rich”. In this case, it is used with the verb “ser”:

  • Mi abuelo es rico. – My grandfather is rich.
  • Aquí hay muchos turistas ricos. – Here, there are many rich tourists.

“Estar rico” means “to be delicious/to be yummy”. You can also use the phrase “estar bueno” in this meaning:

  • Este pan está rico. – This bread is delicious. = Este pan está bueno.

Using pronouns as a direct object: lo, la, los, las

In English, we say “He is my friend” but “I saw him today”. The pronoun “he” changes to “him” because we use it in the function of a direct object: I saw… whom…him. Let’s see how the Spanish pronouns change when they become a direct object:

when used as a subjectwhen used as an object
Me gusta el pan.Lo como todos los días. (I eat it every day)
Me gusta la leche.La bebo todos los días. (I drink it every day)
Me gustan los textos.Los leo todos los días. (I read them every day)
Me gustan las manzanas.Las compro todos los días. (I buy them every day)

Don’t forget that Spanish words are either masculine or feminine. So, in Spanish we literally say “I like bread. I eat him every day”. Also, pay attention to the word order. A direct object usually goes before the verb, and not after it: Lo como / Los compro / La bebo. The word order is different, however, when we use the pronouns with the infinitives:

  • Me gustan los animales. No quiero comerlos. – I like animals. I don’t want to eat them.
  • No me gusta este vino. No voy a beberlo. – I don’t like this wine. I’m not going to drink it.

Spanish test

Ejercicio

Let’s check how well you know this lesson:

1. No me gusta el pescado. No _____ como.
la
el
lo

2. Mi hermano tiene una casa muy grande. _____ rico.
Es
Tiene
Está

3. Por la mañana siempre _____ té.
tomo
ceno
como

4. Andrés _____ cerveza y nosotros _____ el vino tinto.
prefere, prefierimos
prefiere, preferimos
prefiera, preferamos

5. How do you say “I’m healthy” in Spanish?
Tengo sano.
Estoy sano.
Soy sano.


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